Archive for April 24th, 2007


Tuesday, April 24th, 2007

As we prepare to celebrate the 59th anniversary of the State of Israel, we ask ourselves what the true and genuine meaning of Israeli independence really is. We know that 59 years ago, in May of 1948 the United Nations declared the creation of the State of Israel. Each year we celebrate the birth of the modern State of Israel with great fanfare and jubilation. We also remember those who have fallen in the line of duty to protect the State of Israel. We remember thousands of members of the Israel Defense Forces, whose lives were snuffed out in the many wars that the State of Israel has been forced to endure.

And we ask ourselves who bestowed this independence of statehood upon us. Yes, the UN declared the creation of the state, yet we know that our independence was granted to us by a higher authority. We know that Hashem orchestrates everything that occurs, both on a personal and communal level. As Rabbi Binyamin Ze’ev Kahane, ZTK”L said in 1995: “What is independence of the Jewish Nation? It is that we OURSELVES, ALONE, do not rely on any other nation. This is the deeper meaning of the concept, “a nation that dwells alone”. And how do we arrive at a situation where we become a nation that dwells alone? Only when we put our trust in God, and not in the gentile.

Certainly it is scary when one is surrounded by hundreds of millions of Arabs who want to wipe us out, and on each and every action we make, the entire world condemns! But it is only scary for one who is lacking faith; it is only frightening for those who deep in their souls are still slaves and not capable of being independent!

And so, how embarrassing it is to hear from our “leaders” year after year on Holocaust Day, the same tired, empty phrases. Like a dog returning to his own vomit, they repeat, “that if the State of Israel and the I.D.F. had been around ten years earlier, it could have prevented a Holocaust”. Really? Then why doesn’t the same State and army of Israel dare return fire in a war against an enemy who sits within her, and who slaughters its citizens daily? They would have dared act against the Nazis? Why, that might harm “diplomatic relations”…

“And so we celebrate Independence Day and Yom Yerushalayim, saying “Hallel”. Not only for the quantitative aspect of the miracles of 1948 and 1967 which were greater than the miracles that occurred in the time of the Hashmonim, but we also thank G-d for the qualitative aspect of the miracles, which were a sanctification of G-d’s Name, a redemption of the People and it’s land – that is, a forging ahead. Whose heart cannot grow warm from the memory of the Israeli soldiers marching forward in the Sinai Desert, the Golan Heights, Yehuda, Shomron; when the names Shechem, Hebron, Jericho, the Temple Mount became real again! The Messiah was knocking on the door, and a spirit of purity passed through the entire nation…

Yes, we know that those last three dots we wrote above are not something to be happy about, for everything started going downhill from there. Since then, the grand spirit that had been injected into the people has been forcibly smothered out by the evil Jewish governments. In a short period of time, we saw the obscene spitting on the miracle, and an abandonment of the lands we captured. But G-d is not at fault for this, and so we can not quit giving Him praise for the miracles He granted. On the contrary, we must recall these great miracles, gather strength, and vomit out of power those betrayers of G-d’s miracles, thereby taking the reigns and going in the direction of those gates which Hashem opened for us, in order that we may bring the complete redemption!”

Yes, Israeli Independence day is a day to give praise to the Almighty who intervened on our behalf and saw to it that the creation of a Jewish State would become a reality. And yet, instead of hearing prayers and supplications to Hashem on this day, our leaders speak of “never giving up the hope of peace” with our enemies. These words were spoken by Shimon Peres and are echoed by others of his ilk. He and the other myopic and spiritually bankrupt leaders of the “independent” State of Israel speak of further territorial compromises with the Arab enemy who vows to destroy the “independent” State of Israel by any means possible.

Our leaders speak of more Jewish evacuations and demolitions of even more Jewish settlements in the liberated lands of Judea and Samaria, all the while paying lip service and babbling about the bravery and courage of Israeli soldiers who gave their lives to defend the “independent” State of Israel. Their callousness is appalling and truly loathsome. While family members and friends of soldiers who have perished defending the State of Israel mark a national day of mourning and remembrance of their loved ones, the leaders of the “independent” State of Israel make a mockery of their memory by calling for the land that they fought so valiantly for, to be handed over to the same enemy that was responsible for their deaths.

Let us understand the true meaning of independence and from whom it actually emanates. Let us recognize the omnipotent power behind our independence. Let us recognize the G-d of Israel, and even further, let us fear and serve only Hashem, the One and Only Creator of the Universe and Giver of independence. Let us remind those in power in the government of the “independent” State of Israel that they cannot banish the presence of G-d. They cannot, in their arrogance declare independence and sovereignty until they recognize the source of that independence. Let us remind the powers that be in Israel, that we cannot and do not have the ability to give up G-d given land to our enemies and we cannot expel more Jews from their homes. Let us remember the lesson of independence on this day by refusing to bow to the will of mere mortals and let us turn our faith over to the Almighty.


Fern Sidman holds a B.A, in political science from Brooklyn College. She was the educational coordinator for the Betar Youth Movement in the late 1970s and early 1980s. She was national director of the Jewish Defense League from 1983-1985. She was a researcher for several books written by Rabbi Meir Kahane, ZTK”L. She was the managing editor of the publication entitled, The Voice of Judea, and is a regular contributor to its web site. She is currently a writer and journalist living in New York City. Her articles have appeared in The Jewish Press, The Jewish Advocate, The Jewish Journal of Los Angeles, and numerous Jewish and general web sites including, Front Page Magazine, Daniel Pipes and Michael Freund.
We are delighted to have Ms. Sidman as a regular contributor to the Jesus is Lord, A Worshipping Christian’s Blog.

Quote of the Day

Tuesday, April 24th, 2007

In regards to the Haaretz article “12-year-old killed after caught in crossfire of Gaza family feud“, commentator Peter Burman from Santa Fe, NM said it best:

Where are all the angry posts from Israel haters? Oh, it`s Arab on Arab violence, which is not easily blamed on Israel, and therefore Western media does not report it, the UN and HRW ignores it, and the Israel bashers who love to post anti-Israel posts remain silent.

Original Link.

Happy Independence Day, Israel

Tuesday, April 24th, 2007

Somehow I forgot to post about this, but I want to wish all my friends in Israel a (belated) Happy Independence Day!!
Monday, April 23 marked the 59th anniversary of Israel’s Independence.
I want all of you to know that you are always in our prayers!!

Study: Religion Is Good For Kids

Tuesday, April 24th, 2007

Well, this one is going to make all the atheist folks angry. But keep in mind that they (the atheist) believe themselves to be so much smarter than everyone else on the face of the earth. Kind of makes ya wonder.

Kids with religious parents are better behaved and adjusted than other children, according to a new study that is the first to look at the effects of religion on young child development.

The conflict that arises when parents regularly argue over their faith at home, however, has the opposite effect.

John Bartkowski, a Mississippi State University sociologist and his colleagues asked the parents and teachers of more than 16,000 kids, most of them first-graders, to rate how much self control they believed the kids had, how often they exhibited poor or unhappy behavior and how well they respected and worked with their peers.

The researchers compared these scores to how frequently the children’s parents said they attended worship services, talked about religion with their child and argued abut religion in the home.

The kids whose parents regularly attended religious services — especially when both parents did so frequently — and talked with their kids about religion were rated by both parents and teachers as having better self-control, social skills and approaches to learning than kids with non-religious parents.

But when parents argued frequently about religion, the children were more likely to have problems. “Religion can hurt if faith is a source of conflict or tension in the family,” Bartkowski noted.

Why so good?

Bartkowski thinks religion can be good for kids for three reasons. First, religious networks provide social support to parents, he said, and this can improve their parenting skills. Children who are brought into such networks and hear parental messages reinforced by other adults may also “take more to heart the messages that they get in the home,” he said.

Secondly, the types of values and norms that circulate in religious congregations tend to be self-sacrificing and pro-family, Bartkowski told LiveScience. These “could be very, very important in shaping how parents relate to their kids, and then how children develop in response,” he said.

Finally, religious organizations imbue parenting with sacred meaning and significance, he said.

University of Virginia sociologist W. Bradford Wilcox, who was not involved in the study, agrees. At least for the most religious parents, “getting their kids into heaven is more important than getting their kids into Harvard,” Wilcox said.

But as for why religious organizations might provide more of a boost to family life than secular organizations designed to do the same thing, that’s still somewhat of a mystery, said Annette Mahoney, a psychologist at Bowling Green State University in Ohio, also not involved in the research. Mahoney wondered: “Is there anything about religion and spirituality that sets it apart?”

Unanswered questions

Bartkowski points out that one limitation of his study, to be published in the journal Social Science Research, is that it did not compare how denominations differed with regards to their effects on kids.

“We really don’t know if conservative Protestant kids are behaving better than Catholic kids or behaving better than mainline Protestant kids or Jewish kids,” he said.

It’s also possible that the correlation between religion and child development is the other way around, he said. In other words, instead of religion having a positive effect on youth, maybe the parents of only the best behaved children feel comfortable in a religious congregation.

“There are certain expectations about children’s behavior within a religious context, particularly within religious worship services,” he said. These expectations might frustrate parents, he said, and make congregational worship “a less viable option if they feel their kids are really poorly behaved.”

Original Link.

Straining A “Ceasefire”? from Honest Reporting

Tuesday, April 24th, 2007

Further to our post “Hamas Fighters End Israel Truce“, we have a comparison by Honest reporting about just how non-existent the so-called “cease fire” was to begin with…at least non-existent for the pali terrorist that is.

This April alone, the following incidents illustrate that the media’s impression that Israel shattered the calm is anything but accurate:

* Islamic Jihad terrorist captured near Tel Aviv after his bomb belt fails to detonate
* Palestinian bride arrested on suspicion of planning to carry out suicide bombing
* 3 Israelis injured in shooting attack near Modi’in
* Hamas calls for further kidnappings of Israeli soldiers
* Israeli cars shot at in West Bank
* Israeli civilian wounded in West Bank drive-by shooting
* Arrests prevent huge Hamas-planned car bomb in Tel Aviv
* Egypt arrests would-be Hamas suicide bomber near Israeli border
* Palestinian rockets hit Sderot home; several Israelis treated for shock

We urge our readers to look beyond the pages of their local newspapers and keep abreast of the actions that Palestinian terror organizations continue to attempt against Israeli civilians.

Links to Israeli newspapers, organizations and other information resources can be found on our Essential Links page. To ask the AP what it defines as a “ceasefire”, please send your constructive comments to

Original Link.

The elder of ziyon” blog keeps calendars of the date and number of rockets launched on Israel and then highlights the dates that Israel responds. Very interesting reading and totally backs up the premise that there was no cease fire to begin with.

“The Days of Noe” by Jack Kinsella

Tuesday, April 24th, 2007

I was watching Glenn Beck’s program on CNN the other day. He said something that bothered me when I first heard it, and it bothers me even more today. He mentioned how devastated he had been following the Columbine shooting in 1999.

But then he noted that the Virginia Tech massacre didn’t seem to have such a devastating effect on him. Or, it seemed, on most of America. Not because it wasn’t as terrible as Columbine– the VT massacre claimed more than twice as many lives — but because it isn’t as shocking as it used to be.

Shortly after the crazy little whack-job in Virginia (I refuse to honor him by repeating his name — he’s gotten enough publicity) murdered thirty-two students at Virginia Tech, some guy at NASA shot his boss because he thought he might lose his job.

Afterwards, the guy shot himself in the head while the police ‘closed in’. (I set that off in quotes because it seems the police no longer ‘close in’ until AFTER the gunfire stops.

There was a murder/suicide in Woodland, California (that you probably didn’t hear about) where a 54 year-old guy shot his 52 year-old girlfriend and then killed himself.

Fifteen hundred miles away, another guy shot his girlfriend to death and then killed himself in Houston. There was another three days ago in Portland, Texas. Two more the next day, one in Kalamazoo, Michigan, and one in Murrieta, California.

In Queens, NY, Jimmie Dawkins killed his mother, her boyfriend and his health care attendant before putting the barrel of his .40 cal pistol in his mouth and pulling the trigger.

Another murder suicide in Michigan the same day also claimed four lives. And yet another; a man in Lake Havasu City, Arizone killed his girlfriend, his baby, and then himself.

This morning, I heard of a truck bomb that went off in Baghdad that killed 25 Iraqi policemen and wounded 125 Iraqi bystanders. Twenty-one members of a religious minority in Mosul, Iraq were dragged off a bus and shot dead, execution style.

In Laguna Beach, a woman and her husband were shot dead during a confrontation with police. At press time, the police weren’t sure if they killed the couple, or if it were yet another murder-suicide.

One week’s time. Rivers and rivers of blood.

Seriously, how did the news that 32 students were murdered at VT affect you? Or the news of the 125 people maimed by an Iraqi car bomb? Or the 21 Iraqis in Mosul pulled from a bus and executed? What about the litany of murder-suicides across the US in the past seven days that you just read about?

That list is by no means a comprehensive one — those were just the murder suicide cases that popped up on Google’s first page when I queried it. Are you shocked?

I wish that I were, but I am not. Not particularly. I thought about what Glenn Beck said about it on his program, and I realized that the calluses on my soul were even thicker than his.

The last time I can remember being truly shocked was the OKC bombing of the Murrah Building back in 1995. And I was less troubled by that event than I was the destruction of the Branch Davidian compound in Waco two years before that.

I was moved by the horror that must have permeated the Waco compound as the flames claimed the lives of 83 men, women and children. By the time of the OKC bombing, the horror was mixed with a sort of clinical detachment.

By the time the Columbine killers went on their rampage, I had already become desensitized to the evil of children murdering children. Eight blood-soaked years later, I realized my first thought at hearing of the VT shootings wasn’t horror.

The first thing that came to my mind was the logistics. How did one guy carrying only two pistols manage to kill that many people? It wasn’t until I caught Glenn Beck’s program that I realized just how scarred my soul has become.

I used to be shocked by evil. My reaction has morphed from, “How could anybody do such a thing?” to “Not again!” to musing about the logistics involved in the commission of mass murder.

When asked of the signs of His return, among the signs Jesus gave was the “sign of Noe.” (Noah)

“But as the days of Noe were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.” (Matthew 24:37)

“And as it was in the days of Noe, so shall it be also in the days of the Son of man.” (Luke 17:26)

Genesis 6:5-6 give us the Lord’s perspective on the ‘days of Noah’:

“And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.”

When we aren’t confronting actual evil in the form of crazy little gunmen and rivers of blood on our campuses, we seek it out for entertainment. Television and movies can rightly be called “the imagination of thoughts of our hearts” — indeed, what is a movie if not our imagination brought to life?

And the more violence and sex a movie contains, the more popular it is. No wonder we are so desensitized to evil.

The most popular video games are also the most violent. I confess that enjoy the WWII action games like “Medal of Honor” and “Call of Duty” and even admit to downloading the latest ‘blood patch’ to make the game even more gory. What in the world is wrong with ME?

“And because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold.” (Matthew 24:12)

The more acceptable iniquity and sin becomes, the colder our love of righteousness gets.

The Bible teaches that the Tribulation Period is a period set aside for the judgment of a Christ-rejecting world and to effect the national redemption of Israel. But what of the Church?

In the days of Noah, God decided to judge sinful man, but he saved Noah and his family alive out of the flood by making a way of escape via the ark. Jesus said His return would be like the days of Noah. Wickedness, evil and the promise of judgment.

Genesis 6:8 says that “Noah found grace in the eyes of the Lord.” The Bible also says that the Church is the recipient of God’s grace.

“For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God:” (Ephesians 2:8)

“Even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe: for there is no difference:” (Romans 3:22)

Noah was found righteous in the eyes of the Lord and he was spared the judgment that came upon the whole earth. Later, when God purposed to destroy Sodom and Gomorrah, Abraham pleaded with God not to destroy the cities if even five righteous men could be found within.

Only Lot was found righteous, and a way was made for he and his family to escape the judgment that was reserved for the unrighteous.

Of His return, Jesus also said;

“Likewise also as it was in the days of Lot; they did eat, they drank, they bought, they sold, they planted, they builded; But the same day that Lot went out of Sodom it rained fire and brimstone from heaven, and destroyed them all. Even thus shall it be in the day when the Son of man is revealed.” (Luke 17:28-30)

The Church, like Noah and Lot, have found grace in the eyes of the Lord and we are clothed in the imputed righteousness of Christ. God views the imputed righteousness of Christ as being no different than that of Noah or Lot. (Romans 3:22)

God didn’t judge Noah for the sins of his neighbors. Neither did He judge Lot for the sins of his neighbors. And since the Church is clothed in the righteousness of Christ, it follows that He will not judge the Church for the sins of a Christ-rejecting world.

I can find no other understanding of these passages that makes logical sense, apart from the promise that the Lord will return for His Church BEFORE the judgment of the Tribulation Period.

If the Church goes through the Tribulation Period, then the Lord’s references to Noah and Lot are puzzling. Why refer to the only two historical instances in which God saved the righteous from being included in mass judgment in conjunction with the events that lead up to His second coming?

The only logical answer is that provided by the Apostle Paul:

“For the Lord Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.” (1st Thessalonians 4:16-17)

As we wade through rivers of blood, our souls callused over by a constant barrage of unspeakable evil, it seems only logical that either judgment is due this old world, or God owes an apology to Sodom and Gomorrah.

The Bible promises “there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous Judge, shall give me at that day: and not to me only, but unto all them also that love His appearing.” (2nd Timothy 4:8)

If His appearing comes at the conclusion of seven years of judgment and death for the Church, then “loving His appearing” is an act of spiritual perfection that is unfortunately a bit above my paygrade. If that is to be the case, I’d prefer that He’d tarry.

And Paul’s final words about the Lord’s return for those who are ‘alive and remain’ would seem to make little sense.

“Wherefore, comfort one another with these words.” (1st Thessalonians 4:18)

Original Link.

Hamas Fighters End Israel Truce

Tuesday, April 24th, 2007

As if there ever was a “real” truce, since Hamas has been firing rockets, non-stop, into Israel for years. How do you trust a group that lies like this all the time? I can’t and won’t. I’m still in wonderment why we (the world) want to give these people their own county.
Once again, the BBC fails to even mention that Hamas has been firing rockets into Israel all this time. As a matter of fact, they go out of their way to mention “The truce had been largely observed since November, despite some violations on both sides.”
Let me clarify:
“Largely observed” means little or no Israeli military response to continued rocket attacks by pali terrorist. “Violations” means Israel defending itself against these continuing rocket attacks by pali terrorist.
Just wanted to fill you in on “BBC-speak” since it is quite different than speaking English.

The armed wing of the Palestinian Hamas movement has said it is ending its five-month truce with Israel.

Earlier in the day the group launched a sustained barrage of rockets and mortars into Israel, the first such attack since November.

The group, the Izzedine al-Qassam Brigades, said the attacks were in revenge for recent killings of Palestinians by Israeli forces.

The ending of the truce has not been confirmed by Hamas political leaders.

The Palestinian prime minister, Hamas’s Ismail Haniya, whilst not confirming that the ceasefire was over, said the Palestinians had tried hard to observe the truce, but this had been undermined by what he called Israeli aggression.

Original Link.

Inside Terrorism: The X-Ray Project

Tuesday, April 24th, 2007

(Image Warning – Some Images at this link may not be appropriate for children)
The affects of terrorism on innocent Israeli civilians is shown in great detail via medical X-rays at The X-Ray Project. As I looked through these x-ray images, I connected with these innocent victims of terrorist violence.
For those of you who are not aware of this, the explosive belts these terrorist use on the innocent contain hardware (nuts, bolts, screws, ball bearings) which is packed around the explosives. When the explosives go off, this “shrapnel” is scattered in all directions at a speed similar to that of a bullet fired from a gun. It’s almost like a shotgun that fires in all directions at once.
The terrorist know their target is going to innocent women, children and old people. They attempt to make sure that they kill as may of them as they can. If you can call this “tactic” anything other than “evil”, then you need to seriously reexamine your values.

Inside Terrorism is a photography exhibit which uses actual X-rays and CT scans from the two largest hospitals in Jerusalem to explorer the most important social issue of our time: the effects of terrorism on a civilian population.

Original Link.

Iran’s Misogyny Continues, Women Arrested for “Inappropriate Dress”

Tuesday, April 24th, 2007

Iran’s misogyny continues to grow as the oppressive sharia (Islamic) law is enforced even more. Now woman are being warned and often times arrested for the crime of…well having a coat that fits too tight, or maybe even the hideous crime of having pants too short, or the coup de grâce, wearing the head scarf (which is required for all women, Iranian or visitor alike) too loose.
Since 10:00 am on Saturday, over 1,300 women have been warned and given “Islamic guidance”. There have been over 170 arrests.
(sarcasm on) Isn’t sharia law such a nice thing?(sarcasm off) Think about it coming to your neighborhood. Does your daughter like to go swimming? Gone is not only her bikini, but her swim suit as a whole. Now she has to swim only with other girls and they have to be fully covered, including their head, as they try to swim. Gone are her shorts, tank tops, sleeveless dresses and, as a matter of fact, all dresses that are above the calf in length.
Y’all don’t think this can happen in the U.S, but as we have been saying for the past year or so, this is exactly CAIR (Council on American-Islamic Relations) has been pushing for. Believe it or not, in our current environment of political correctness run amok, this is not only possible, but probable.

TEHRAN (AFP) – Iran has issued more than a thousand warnings and arrested dozens in a new drive aimed at forcing women whose dress is deemed inappropriate to adhere to Islamic dress rules, officials said Sunday.

The nationwide drive — an annual pre-summer crackdown given greater prominence this year — is aimed primarily at women whose coats are seen as too tight, trousers excessively short or hejabs (headscarves) overly loose.

It foresees handing out warnings and guidance to women found to have infringed its dress code in public. Those who show resistance to change can be arrested and then be the subject of legal proceedings.

“Since the plan started at 10:00 am on Saturday, 1,347 women have been warned and given Islamic guidance,” the head of information at Tehran city’s police force, Mehdi Ahmadi, told AFP.

“There were 170 arrests. Of these, 58 were released after making a written commitment and rectifying their appearance. The cases of the rest, who already had a record, were handed over to the judiciary,” he said.

Iranian newspapers printed pictures of women in tight and colourful clothing being given warnings on Tehran’s streets by female police officers dressed in chadors as the crackdown got underway on Saturday.

Twenty shops selling inappropriate clothing were also closed down, Ahmadi said.

The programme was aimed at “improving the security of society with an approach of moral security,” he added.

“Its duration depends on when society feels that there are no longer signs of short trousers, tight mantos (coats), tight clothing and very skimpy hejabs.”

The authorities have argued the “bad hejab” drive is aimed at encouraging women to dress in line with Islamic dress code and it appeared the emphasis is more on handing out warnings than detaining offenders.

Conservatives have applauded the new crackdown as necessary to preserve public morals as women in Tehran increasingly push the boundaries over what is permissible to wear in public.

Original Link.

Officer ‘Relieved of Duty’ for Not Arresting Preachers

Tuesday, April 24th, 2007

Last week, a group from Life & Liberty Ministries was on the campus of Kutztown University in eastern Pennsylvania conducting an ‘on-campus outreach’ when they were confronted by several police officers. These officers forced the group to leave and even arrested one person. One of the police officers refused to escort the group from campus. It seems that this officer has since been ‘relieved of his duties’ (in other words, he was fired because he would not harrass these Christians who were well within their rights to be there).
The discrimination just keeps getting worse. I wonder what would have happened if it had been a Planned Parenthood or a gay and lesbian group passing out information.

A Christian police officer in Pennsylvania reportedly has been relieved of his duties because he refused to take part in illegal harassment and detention of a group conducting a ministry on a college campus.

Last week, Life & Liberty Ministries was conducting one its on-campus outreaches at Kutztown University in eastern Pennsylvania. Ministry president Dennis Green says his group was immediately surrounded by a hostile crowd, and police were called to the scene.

Even though they were on a public university campus and were within their legal rights, campus and borough police ordered the ministry workers to leave and even arrested at least one. According to Green, one of the campus police officers did not agree with that tactic.

“As this was going on, the policeman in charge had asked one of the officers … to escort us or to arrest us or to make us leave,” he recalls. “He refused to do that; he knew we had a right to be there ….”

Green says he has learned that the officer — whom he describes as “a Christian brother” — was not fired following the incident, but has been “relieved of his duties” as an officer.

Original Link