The Fern Sidman Commentaries:
March 20th, 2007: "PASSOVER - FROM SLAVERY TO FREEDOM"
Every Jewish holiday is an opportunity for growth and self-discovery. Passover is the time to experience the
freedom which comes from being in a relationship with G-d. On Seder night, “every Jew must feel that he himself has
gone out of Egypt.” Freedom is not acquired once. It needs to be continually learned and reacquired. The essence of
slavery is self-concern. Preoccupation with ourselves, our success or failure, our comfort, and others’ opinion of
us rob us of our essential freedom. We become a slave to anxiety, fear, compulsion, and insecurity. We have become
slaves to masters of flesh and blood.
G-d enjoins us to worship Him and Him alone. The concept is outlined for us in Parshas Mishpatim from Sefer Shmos.
Parshas Mishpatim focuses on the issues of halochos pertaining to a Hebrew slave. A Hebrew slave was someone who
may have committed theft and was unable to make financial restitution. He was therefore obligated to pay off his
debt by working for the person of whom he had stolen. The master is obligated to support the slave and his family
and not to degrade or humiliate him. The slave is not in servitude forever. As a matter of fact, his master must
encourage him to leave his master.
If the slave refuses to leave his servitude behind, he must be persistently encouraged to do so. If this is to no
avail, and the slave insists on staying on as a slave, then his ear must be pierced. He is now considered to be
someone who has chosen to serve a man rather than Hashem. His ear is pierced because this is the ear in which he
heard at Sinai, the 10 commandments and the Torah and agreed to abide by these laws and remain committed to them
for perpetuity. The slave now acknowledges by his adamant refusal to leave his master, that he has thrown off the
yoke of Heaven and wishes to be enslaved to a man.
What can we learn from this? In today’s world we are are slaves to our taivas and inclinations. At times we are
slaves to our yetzer hara. We make our hobbies and interests our new god. We become enslaved to people and worship
them and fear them, more than we do the Almighty. Perhaps these people or interests are meeting our immediate needs
and we are afraid to part with them. We forget that our needs are being met by the Almighty and the people in our
lives who supply us with material and emotional comforts are sent from Heaven. ,br>
Ultimately, it is Hashem who provides for us. Once we place man ahead of G-d, once we fear man and his vacillating
will above that of the Almighty, we have voluntarily thrown off the yoke of Heaven and have reneged on our
commitment to observe Hashem’s laws. This can only lead to depression and self destruction. We degrade and
humiliate ourselves as we obsequiously grovel before human masters. The master has no respect for the people
pleasing slave and even displays contempt toward him that can manifest itself in severe emotional and sometimes
We also bring upon ourselves the wrath of the Almighty, who will punish us for serving humans rather than Him.
Every day we say in the Shema Yisroel, "Beware, lest your heart be deceived and you turn and serve other gods, and
worship them, for then Hashem’s wrath will blaze against you, and He will shut up the skies so that there will be
no rain, and the land will yield no produce, and you will quickly perish from the good land which Hashem gave you."
This can also mean that Hashem will not reveal himself to us in our personal lives and everything that we attempt
to do will be frustrated.
Once we come to the realization that it is only Hashem who we must fear, and once we have the courage and faith to
take that leap will we truly free ourselves. How liberating it is, to break the shackles of human bondage and serve
the One true creator, Hashem Yisborach. His kindness endures forever. His ways are the ways of pleasantness and His
paths are the paths of peace.
It has been reported that in World War II, the rich suffered most in the concentration camps because they were
devastated by the sudden loss of social position and respect. Their precarious sense of self could not withstand
the loss of other people’s esteem.
How can we achieve inner freedom? The Haggadah recounts G-d’s redemption of the Jews from Egypt. The Haggadah
repeatedly declares: “We were slaves to Pharaoh in Egypt, but God brought us out of there with a strong hand and an
out-stretched arm.” The first ingredient of true freedom is the recognition of G-d’s action in our lives.
Implicit in this recognition is the acknowledgment of God’s immediate care and involvement with us. The Haggadah
states: "The Lord brought us out of Mitzraim-not by an angel, nor by a Seraf, nor by a messenger, but the Holy One,
blessed be He, Himself." G-d is directly involved in our lives, an expression of His love and caring.
Recognition of this yields the courage we need to risk freedom. When the Jews stood at the sea with the Egyptians
at their backs, many of them thought the end had come. G-d told Moses to instruct the people to go forward and that
He would split the sea for them. One man, Nachshon ben Aminadav, had the courage to jump into the sea. Only when
the water reached Nachshon’s nose, did the sea split.
From where did Nachshon get the courage to jump into the sea? The miracles of the plagues and the Exodus had
convinced Nachshon that G-d intervenes for their welfare. It was not a theological point for him, but an immediate
experience, which he could trust and rely on. His faith in G-d’s love for him gave Nachshon the daring to take the
A significant and often skipped part of the Haggadah is the recitation of Hallel. Hallel is a series of psalms
praising and thanking God. Hallel, which begins before the meal and continues afterward, is preceded by the
statement: "Therefore, it is our duty to thank, to praise, to glorify, to exalt...the One who did all these
miracles for our fathers and for us."
A relationship must be two-sided. Once we have experienced the flush and thrill of all G-d did/does for us, we must
respond with acknowledgment, appreciation, joy, and love.
The introduction to Hallel ends: "We will sing before Him a new song." G-d is not interested in old songs,
rehearsals of the last generation’s sentiments, recitations of last year’s thanks. Hallel is meant to be an
outpouring of our own fresh enthusiasm once we have re-experienced God’s love and intervention in our lives:
As Hallel proclaims: "How can I repay G-d for all His benefits toward me?"
The effect the Seder should produce is encapsulated in one phrase of Hallel: "Because His lovingkindness has
overwhelmed us.” The Seder should leave us with the feeling of being overwhelmed by G-d’s love and salvation:
"If our mouths were as full of song as the sea and our tongues could sing joyously like the endless waves...we
still would not be able to give You sufficient thanks, O G-d,...for even one of the thousand thousands and myriad
myriads of favors which You have done for our Fathers and for us."
From the confidence of G-d’s love, we gain the courage to be free.
G-d’s love was also manifested in His commandment to sanctify His name and to remember the vengeance that He
brought upon our enemies. We must remember His strength, glory and omnipotence by declaring these words from the
Haggada, as we let Eliyahu HaNavi in our homes:
"Pour forth Your wrath upon the nations that do not recognize You and upon the kingdoms that do not invoke Your
name. For they have devoured Jacob and destroyed his habitation. Pour forth Your fury upon them and let Your
burning wrath overtake them. Pursue them with anger and destroy them from beneath the heavens of the L-rd."
Make no mistake about it. Passover is the ultimate demonstration of G-d’s love for his people and it a holiday to
remember that this vengeance is from G-d. "The L-rd is a G-d of vengeance; O G-d of vengeance, arise!" (Psalms 94).
And the rabbis say: “Yes, when vengeance is needed, it is a great thing” (Berachot, 3a). Or "let the high praises
of G-d be in their throat and a two edged sword in their hand - to execute vengeance upon the nations…" (Psalms 58).
Passover is a holiday that was created to commemorate the sanctity of vengeance; the punishment and the destruction
of Pharoah and Egypt that mocked and humiliated G-d by crying: "Who is the L-rd? I know not the L-rd…" Vengeance so
that the world shall know the L-rd and cry, "Verily, there is a G-d that judgeth in the earth." and: "The righteous
shall rejoice when he seeth vengeance, he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked" (Psalms 58). And why? For
it is only vengeance that proves that there is indeed a G-d in the world, that there is good and evil and
punishment for that evil.
Let us remember and speak of these holy concepts. Let us teach them to our children and our children’s children.
In this merit, may G-d continue to have mercy upon us and may we have the strength and faith to hasten the Final
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